Herzl, Theodor


Herzl, Theodor
► (1860-1904) Escritor judío húngaro. Fue fundador del sionismo. Expuso sus teorías en El estado judío.

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(2 may. 1860, Budapest, Hungría–3 jul. 1904, Edlach, Austria).

Dirigente sionista húngaro. Criado como judío en Hungría, pensaba que la asimilación era la mejor estrategia frente al antisemitismo que había enfrentado. Se convirtió en sionista mientras cubría el caso de Alfred Dreyfus como periodista en París. En 1897 organizó un congreso mundial de sionismo, al que asistieron cerca de 200 delegados, quienes establecieron la Organización Sionista Mundial, de la que fue su primer presidente. A su incansable actividad organizadora, propagandística y diplomática se debe en gran parte que el sionismo se convirtiera en un movimiento político de importancia mundial. Aunque murió más de 40 años antes del establecimiento del Estado de Israel, sus restos fueron trasladados a Jerusalén en 1949 y sepultados en una colina actualmente llamada monte Herzl.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • HERZL, THEODOR — (Binyamin Ze ev; 1860–1904), founder of political Zionism and the World Zionist Organization. Herzl was born in Budapest, Hungary, to an affluent family and educated in the spirit of German Jewish enlightenment. In 1878 he entered the law faculty …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Herzl, Theodor — (1860–1904)    The founder of political Zionism, Theodor Herzl was born in Budapest, Hungary. Herzl grew up in the spirit of the German Jewish Enlightenment. In 1878, the family moved to Vienna and Herzl studied law, graduating in 1884. Rather… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Herzl, Theodor — born May 2, 1860, Budapest, Hungary died July 3, 1904, Edlach, Austria Hungarian Zionist leader. Growing up Jewish in Hungary, he believed that assimilation was the best strategy to deal with the anti Semitism he encountered. He became a Zionist… …   Universalium

  • Herzl, Theodor — (1860 1904)    The founder of modern political Zionism, Herzl was the driving force in the creation of the political ideology and the worldwide movement that led to the establishment of Israel. Born in Pest, Hungary, on 1 May 1860, he was an… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Herzl, Theodor — (1869 1904)    Austrian writer and journalist, founder of political Zionism. He was born in Budapest. From 1891 to 1895 he was the Paris correspondent for the Vienna Neue Freie Presse. In his play Das neue Ghetto he criticized Jewish assimilation …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Herzl,Theodor — Her·zl (hĕrtʹsəl), Theodor. 1860 1904. Hungarian born Austrian founder of Zionism. As a correspondent during the Alfred Dreyfus affair, he determined that the solution to anti Semitism was the establishment of a Jewish national state. He founded… …   Universalium

  • Herzl — Herzl, Theodor …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Theodor Herzl — (* 2. Mai 1860 in Pest; † 3. Juli 1904 in Edlach, Gemeinde Reichenau an der Rax, Niederösterreich) war ein österreichisch ungarischer jüdischer Schriftsteller, Publizist und Journalist und der Begründer des modernen politischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodor Herzl — ( he. בנימין זאב הרצל (Binyamin Ze ev Herzl)) (May 2, 1860 ndash;July 3, 1904) was an Austrian Jewish journalist who founded modern political Zionism. Herzl was born in Pest (today the eastern half of Budapest, then a separate city) to a German… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodor Herzl — בִּנְיָמִין זֶאֶב הֵרצְל Theodor Herzl Nom de naissance Binyamin Ze’ev Herzl …   Wikipédia en Français


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